ALBANIE, BULGARIE, HONGRIE, RÉPUBLIQUE DÉMOCRATIQUE ALLEMANDE, POLOGNE, ROUMANIE, UNION DES RÉPUBLIQUES SOCIALISTES SOVIÉTIQUES et TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE Traité d'amitié, de coopération et d'assistance mutuelle. It was created in 1955 and was intended to be a defence treaty for Communist countries. Warsaw Pact treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania Gorbachev’s policy of openness (Glasnost) and restructuring (Perestroika), together with other initiatives, opened the way for popular uprisings. Warsaw Pact Facts - 1: History: The Iron Curtain was the name of the "impenetrable barrier" or border between the Central and Eastern European countries of the Soviet bloc, the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union, and the rest of Europe during the Cold War. The Warsaw Pact. NATO had been formed in 1949. A treaty between the eastern bloc nations and the USSR to protect against NATO interferance, specifically in East Germany. The Warsaw Pact, so named because the treaty was signed in Warsaw, included the Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia and … The Warsaw Pact was the Soviet equivalent of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Registered by Poland on 10 October 1955. The Warsaw Pact was established in 1955. Signed at Warsaw, on 14 May 1955 Official texts: Russian, Polish, Czech and German. It had a great effect as a military deterrent on any of the European nations seeking war against other nations to better further the spread of the ideals it supported. The Warsaw Pact was declared at an end on 25 February 1991 and the Czechoslovak President, Vaclav Havel, formally declared an end to it on 1 July 1991. It was an alliance of the "red" countries, except for former Yugoslavia, and later Albania would exclude itself. Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about financial liability in air travel, and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland.. The Warsaw Pact was established between the USSR and Eastern European nations as a reaction to the formation of NATO. Its members included the United States, and it was jokingly suggested its aim was to keep the Americans in and the Russians out. It was a military alliance of communist countries. Warsaw Pact Facts for kids. The most limited definition of the Eastern Bloc would only include the Warsaw Pact states and the Mongolian People's Republic as former satellite states most dominated by the Soviet Union. The Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO), officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact (WP), was a collective defense treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other Eastern Bloc socialist republics of Central and Eastern Europe in May 1955, during the Cold War.The Warsaw Pact was the military complement to … The Warsaw Pact was a military alliance between Communist countries in East Europe to counter the threat of Capitalism in Europe. Signed in 1955, the member states were the USSR, Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Albania, Romania, Czechoslovakia and bulgaria. Originally, the members of the group that signed the pact included the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.